Ashfaq A, Rhee HK, Harold KL
World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Dec 7;20(45):17115-9.


To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication after failed transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF).


TIF is a new endoscopic approach for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In cases of TIF failure, subsequent laparoscopic fundoplication may be required. All patients from 2010 to 2013 who had persistence and objective evidence of recurrent GERD after TIF underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Primary outcome measures included operative time, blood loss, length of hospital stay and complications encountered.


A total of 5 patients underwent revisional laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) or gastrojejunostomy for recurrent GERD at a median interval of 24 mo (range: 16-34 mo) after TIF. Patients had recurrent reflux symptoms at an average of 1 mo following TIF (range: 1-9 mo). Average operative time for revisional surgical intervention was 127 min (range: 65-240 min) and all surgeries were performed with a minimal blood loss (< 50 mL). There were no cases of gastric or esophageal perforation. Three patients had additional finding of a significant hiatal hernia that was fixed simultaneously. Median length of hospitalization was 2 d (range: 1-3 d). All patients had resolution of symptoms at the last follow up.


LNF is a feasible and safe option in a patient who has persistent GERD after a TIF. Previous TIF did not result in additional operative morbidity.

Link to PDF file on PMC: Ashfaq A, et al; World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Dec 7;20(45):17115-9.

TIF procedure, Ashfaq