Responses of feline gastroesophageal junction to changes in abdominal pressure

The responses of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), stomach, and diaphragm and their contribution to changes in the high-pressure zone (HPZ) at the gastroesophageal junction were determined during extrinsic abdominal compression or intragastric balloon distension in anesthetized cats. Abdominal compression consistently induced an increase in intraluminal end-expiratory LES and gastric pressure (P less than 0.01).… Read more »

Role of the diaphragm in the genesis of lower esophageal sphincter pressure in the cat

To determine the role of the diaphragm in the genesis of the high-pressure zone at the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) we studied the effect of diaphragmatic contraction on lower esophageal sphincter pressure in 10 anesthetized adult cats. Despite anchoring the pressure recording assembly within the LES to prevent axial movement of the sphincter during respiration… Read more »