Massive Caudate Lobe in Laparoscopic Hiatal Hernia Repair: Tying and Wrapping outside the Box

The presence of anatomical obstacles in the limited operative field of laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair (LHHR) creates significant technical difficulties. This case presentation highlights the use of laparoendoscopic approach in these operative situations. This patient is a 60-year-old female with past medical history of diabetes, anxiety, depression, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, and psoriasis. She had gastroesophageal… Read more »