How Physicians Diagnose GERD
As with all things medical, a doctor knows best: a diagnosis of GERD should always be made by your physician.
Physicians can often make diagnoses based on the presentation of common symptoms, especially in patients with more mild cases of GERD. However, more complicated GERD can be tricky to diagnose given the variability of symptoms and ways they may surface, requiring the trained eye of a medical professional to accurately spot the signs.
Tools Used to Diagnose GERD
There are a number of diagnostic tools a physician may use in the diagnosis of GERD, including these:
pH monitoring provides a way for physicians to measure the severity of acid exposure in the esophagus. They can do the study using one of two methods:
- The first involves a physician inserting a small tube through the nose and placing it in the back of the patient’s throat for 24-48 hours.
- The second method involves a small electronic capsule. The physician will introduce this capsule through the patient’s mouth, attach it to the esophagus, and leave it in place for 48 hours. Most patients do not notice the capsule. The capsule will eventually fall off and pass on its own through the GI tract within a few days.
In both instances, patients are often asked to keep a diary to document when they eat, sleep, or experience symptoms.
Prior to testing, you should discuss any inherent risks associated with the diagnostic procedures we have described here, or any others your physician suggests for the diagnosis of GERD. Also, consult your physician for more specific guidance on what to do before and after a procedure and what to expect during the procedure.
Having reflux from time to time is normal but having it interrupt your life is not. If you suffer symptoms of reflux twice or more per week, you may have GERD. Take the GERD-HRQL survey if you suspect a problem. Search for a TIF-trained physician to schedule a full GERD evaluation.