Jobe BA, Kahrilas PJ, Vernon AH, Sandone C, Gopal DV, Swanstrom LL, Aye RW, Hill LD, Hunter JG
Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Feb;99(2):233-43.


Little consensus exists regarding the endoscopic assessment of the esophagogastric junction after antireflux surgery. The purpose of this report is to characterize the gastroesophageal valve appearance unique to each type of antireflux procedure and to introduce an endoscopic lexicon by which to describe this anatomic region.


Endoscopic images were obtained from patients who had undergone any one of the following procedures: Nissen, Collis-Nissen, Toupet, and Dor fundoplications and Hill repair. Images were excluded if patients had any symptoms of heartburn, regurgitation, dysphagia, chest pain, or gas bloat or if they were using antisecretory medication. Seven photographs per operation type were evaluated by experienced surgeons and gastroenterologists tasked with describing defining characteristics of each procedure.


Ten valve criteria were developed to uniquely identify and quantify the ideal endoscopic appearance of each procedure. Illustrations were created to clearly depict those traits.


Using 10 gastroesophageal valve criteria, the key components of a successful functional repair of the esophagogastric junction were defined. These criteria can be employed when evaluating upper gastrointestinal complaints after antireflux surgery and may ultimately serve as a dependable outcome measure.

Link to abstract on PubMed: Jobe BA, et al; Am J Gastroenterol. 2004 Feb;99(2):233-43.

GERD, Jobe