Comparing laparoscopic antireflux surgery with esomeprazole in the management of patients with chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a 3-year interim analysis of the LOTUS trial

BACKGROUND: With the introduction of laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) along with the increasing efficacy of modern medical treatment, a direct comparison is warranted. The 3-year interim results of a randomised study comparing both the efficacy and safety of LARS and esomeprazole (ESO) are reported. METHODS: LOTUS is an open, parallel-group… Read more »

Use of proton pump inhibitors and risk of osteoporosis-related fractures

BACKGROUND: The use of proton pump inhibitors has been associated with an increased risk of hip fracture. We sought to further explore the relation between duration of exposure to proton pump inhibitors and osteoporosis-related fractures. METHODS: We used administrative claims data to identify patients with a fracture of the hip, vertebra or wrist between April… Read more »

Antireflux transoral incisionless fundoplication using EsophyX: 12-month results of a prospective multicenter study

BACKGROUND: A novel transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) procedure using the EsophyX system with SerosaFuse fasteners was designed to reconstruct a full-thickness valve at the gastroesophageal junction through tailored delivery of multiple fasteners during a single-device insertion. The safety and efficacy of TIF for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were evaluated in a prospective multicenter trial.… Read more »

Severe hypomagnesaemia in long-term users of proton-pump inhibitors

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism underlying severe hypomagnesaemia in long-term users of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). PATIENTS: Two cases of severe hypomagnesaemia in adult long-term users of the PPI omeprazole, presenting with hypocalcaemic seizures. MEASUREMENTS: We studied renal magnesium handling during an incremental intravenous magnesium infusion, and assessed total body magnesium status by the 24-h retention… Read more »

Do Acid-Lowering Agents Affect Vitamin B12 Status in Older Adults?

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between serum vitamin B12 levels in older adults on histamine(2) receptor antagonists (H2 blockers) or proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) over 6 years. Participants: A cross-sectional sample of 659 adults, 60 to 102 years, from long-term care facilities and community ambulatory care (C) in the Bronx. MEASUREMENTS: Patient demographics, serum B12 levels,… Read more »

Endoluminal fundoplication by a transoral device for the treatment of GERD: a feasibility study

BACKGROUND: A new endoluminal fundoplication (ELF) technique performed transorally using the EsophyXtrade mark device was evaluated for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in a prospective, feasibility clinical trial. METHODS: Nineteen patients were enrolled into the study. Inclusion criteria were chronic and symptomatic GERD, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) dependence, and the absence of esophageal… Read more »

Use of acid-suppressing drugs and the risk of bacterial gastroenteritis

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastric acid is a defense mechanism against gastrointestinal infections caused by ingested bacteria. Studies have suggested that the use of acid-suppressing drugs may increase the risk of gastroenteritis (GE). METHODS: Patients aged 20-74 years with an episode of acute bacterial GE (n = 6414) were identified. A control group from the same… Read more »

Long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy and risk of hip fracture

CONTEXT: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may interfere with calcium absorption through induction of hypochlorhydria but they also may reduce bone resorption through inhibition of osteoclastic vacuolar proton pumps. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between PPI therapy and risk of hip fracture. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: A nested case-control study was conducted using the General Practice… Read more »

Increased risk of fundic gland polyps during long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy

BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether proton pump inhibitor use leads to fundic gland polyp development. AIM: To determine whether fundic gland polyp development is due to proton pump inhibitor use and to investigate mechanisms involved. METHODS: Proton pump inhibitor use and the presence of fundic gland polyps were assessed in consecutive patients undergoing oesophagogastroduodenoscopy. Biopsies… Read more »